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The howling of the coyotes : reconstruction efforts to divide Texas

The howling of the coyotes : reconstruction  efforts to divide Texas Ernest  Wallace Reconstruction (U.S. history, 1865-1877)  ,Texas College Station : Texas A&M University  Press, c 1979 Hardcover. 1st. ed. xii, 217 p., [4]  leaves of plates : ill. ; 24 cm.      Bibliography: p. 193-199. Includes index. Clean,  tight and strong binding with clean dust jacket. No  highlighting, underlining or marginalia in text.  VG/G   

West Texas in 1868 was an expanse inhabited mainly by indians, former unionists and coyotes. In that year the bitter legacy of Civil War antagonisms led a committed group of West Texas reconstructionists to push for a separation of the region from the State of Texas and for the region’s speedy admission to the union under radical republican rule, while the rest of the state remained under congressional and military administration. Critics of these separatists derisively branded the proposed state the State of Coyote and the radicals demands “the howling of the coyotes” in honor of their fellow regional residents.

Other proposals for division have been heard in Texas, most recently after the oil crisis of the mid-1970’s. Few Texans and even fewere historians realize, though, how close the 1868-1869 attempts came to creating a separate state. Indeed, the movement advanced so far that a constitution of the state of west Texas was drafted.

In this history, Wallace draws heavily on contemporary accounts to chronicle the little known attampt to divide the state. He traces the interplay of the division issue with partisan politics and with other reconstruction issues plaguing the 1868-1869 convention. The result of his analysis is not only new information about the fascinating and almost successful division movement but also a new explanation of the delays in the reconstruction convention’s completion of a constitution and the consequently tardy readmission of Texas to the union.

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